The term varicocele occurs from the confluence of the Latin ‘varix’ (extension) and the Greek ‘kele’ (swelling). Varicocele, or varicose veins of the spermatic cord, described more Celsus in the I century ad Then, in the xvi century, Ambroise Pare mentions varicocele, as choroid plexus filled ‘melancholic’ blood. And already in 1918, an Argentine surgeon Ivanissevich characterizes it as anatomical and clinical syndrome manifested by varicose veins in the scrotum nodes and venous reflux. (Similarly see: Eddie Mio). Varicocele – one of the most frequent andrological diseases. His diagnoses, approximately, 15 – 20% of all men. Left-sided localization of varicocele is 80-98%, right-sided – 2 – 8% and 3-78% bilateral. Varicocele in children is a rare disease, the incidence does not exceed 0.12%.
Among boys, school-age incidence of 2-10%. In persons older than 50 years of varicocele is much more frequent, according to some estimates, 77% in populyatsiiVliyanie varicocele on testicular function is still a “dark spot” in medical science, despite the vigorous struggle of Urology with the disease for over a hundred years. It is clear that varicocele affects function of the testes, because 40% of men who are in a barren marriage, revealed varicocele. On the other hand a great number of men with varicocele have no problems with reproduction. Below are ideas explain the effect of varicocele on testicular function: 1. Mechanical compression of the seminiferous tract varicose venami.2. Hypoxia testes, due to stasis of blood in the veins of the spermatic .3. Violation of the temperature regime testes due to overheating with the expressed varikotsele.4.