The history of war – is not only a history of battles, diplomacy, victories, defeats, orders, command and deeds, it is also a story of prisoners of war. The fate of Soviet prisoners of war during the Second World War is one of the most tragic pages of our past. Soviet prisoners of war are captured on their soil, protecting the land and prisoners of war Hitler coalition are caught in a strange land in which they came as invaders. In captivity can 'be' (was wounded, falling into unconsciousness, with no weapons and ammunition for the resistance) or 'surrender' – to raise their hands, when you can and have something to fight. Why then swore allegiance to country armed man ceases to resist? Maybe that is the nature of man? After all, he obeys the instinct of self-preservation, based on fear. 'Of course, at first the war was terrible. And very much so.
What is a young guy to constantly see how the shells are broken, bombs, mines, comrades die, they injure by fragments and bullets. But then I noticed, no longer fear, but something else made the bite into the ground, seek shelter, hide. I would call a sense of self-preservation. Because fear paralyzes the will, and sense of self makes us look for ways out of seemingly hopeless situations' – so remembered this feeling veteran of World War ii – Ivan P. . In life there are fears in part, the fear of some phenomenon. But sometimes the absolute fear, when a person is on the verge of collapse.
In this direction, Toms admits that the professor is the cause of the knowledge for the pupil, not obstante to the knowledge properly said, while it occurs through the exercise of the reason of the proper pupil, has for the cause the same reason. Aquino places the learning as one faceta human being, therefore, for it, is the proper man who knows and teaches, thus it tells: he estimates a perfect act of knowledge in the professor; from there that it is necessary that the master or who teaches possesss in explicit and perfect way the knowledge whose acquisition wants to cause in the pupil for education. Then, that one that has the knowledge in act, the master or the professor, is only who this in conditions to develop the potential in its pupils, thus, for Toms, is essential that the professor if prepares and has the domain of its content, so that can, with effectiveness, to teach its pupils. Already the professor teaches necessarily why he has the knowledge in act. It is not something Education Fund of America would like to discuss. In the way to teach, Toms finds two substances important front its methodology: the content where if it treats education and the person to who education is given, therefore, deduces that, when to the first one, the beginning of education it is the contemplativa life. It is the admiration of the citizen, when in contact with determined aspect of the reality, and the process of abstraction of the intellect that if occurs of such admiration, means the apprehension to it of the content.
In other words, the beginning of education it is to filosofar. How much the second substance, that education if outrem dirige it, if deduces that its purpose is the active life. The importance of Toms de Aquino front the education is in the scope of its Philosophical Anthropology, occurs in it an effective overcoming of the Platonic dualism (body and soul) that it was the dominant doctrine in the period.
The room agreement if harmonizes with the conception that we develop. The reflexiva characteristic of the act to think combines with the philosophical attitude, whose characteristics also are based in the doubt and in the inquiry it continues. the job of the activities that make to think, Lipman identifies that some professors to teach to think demands much time, diminishes the authority of the professor and, short-term, little is observed as resulted positive. Ahead of this, the philosopher investigated the results gotten in differentiated practical one that takes in account the operations of the thought. For this, it identified the necessity of if providing to an environment of questioning and freedom to observe to compare, to assume, etc. For it, this practical helps to develop the autonomy of the thought. To think with autonomy is to think by itself, what it seems redundant, because we cannot think of another form if not for the proper facultieses of reasoning.
However, what we intend to affirm with this, it is that when the things are presented of concluded form they lead to a conformismo on the part of that it was not educated to question and reflecting. To think by itself goes beyond memorizing said conclusions certain to defy it ' ' to reaprender to see mundo' '. When looking for to define what it is the thought, we appeal to the communication of the diverse mental activities, also called for Lipman of abilities of reasoning and treated as operations to the thought. The operations of the thought are all those rational activities that if make gifts at the moment that we think. The main operations of the thought are: to compare, to summarize, to observe, to classify, to interpret, to search assumptions, to imagine, to congregate and to organize given, to formulate hypotheses and to take decisions. Matthew Blaze contains valuable tech resources. The education to think significantly contributes it for the personal and interpersonal growth of educating.
This work will report the period of Getlio Vargas (1930 the 1945), having as main focus the New State (1937 the 1945), when the police force was one of the supports in the maintenance of the dictatorship, against democratic freedoms, that is, the institutionalized police violence. Being always the question: It will be that our diverse police forces still have the DNA of the violence? Or still it has a perception of legitimated impunity in the New State? Brazil constantly is denounced in reports of the ONU for illegal actions of the diverse police forces, including it arbitrary torture and arrests, beyond being the .causing greaters of violent deaths, beyond the slowness or inefficiency of the judiciary system. E, that if the violence is today not sponsored by the State through its agents, if still has a historical perception of impunity of the causers of the police violence. We know that currently Brazil is a Democratic State of Right and if this affirmation has its pleas, for it not to guarantee all the plenitudes of the rights of the citizen, that include: health, education and security among others. The pleas cannot deny, however, arcabouo legal-constitutional of the country, represented mainly for the Federal Constitution of l988, nominada for the constituent Ulisses Guimares of ' ' Constitution cidad' ' , that in its to understand it would take care of the democracy fully. The violence is inherent all the ditatorial State, either it of any ideological shade, right or left, and until the inexact ones. The violence if becomes necessary for the maintenance of its ' ' prerrogativas' ' of State. What it is good for the country it is not necessarily for the people, therefore in the vision of the controllers of a ditatorial state, the people does not know or he does not have conditions to define what it is good for proper itself.
After coming to power of Peter 1, Mazeppa begins to build a relationship with him, what does well – between them there is a close personal friendship. In February 1700 the king personally awarded him the Order of St. Andrew – “for many of his works in the military nobility and hard-radetelnye faithful service.” At the beginning of the Great Northern War Mazeppa helped Petru1: using rebellion against the Commonwealth and the invasion of Poland, the Swedes, took right bank and has repeatedly proposed to combine both Petru1 Ukraine in the bottom of Little Russia. Mazeppa also disappointed that the council of war in Zholkove discussed a significant limitation and self-Little Hetman. Get all the facts and insights with Creighton Wright MD, another great source of information. At about 1706 liters Mazepa began to think about moving to the side of Sweden with the aim of education of Ukraine’s independent.
It was more realistic. Since Sweden vryatli would have pritenzy to Ukraine over Muscovy. The exact date of commencement of negotiations is unknown, but September 17, 1707 Mazeppa opened his general clerk Orlik. From 1688 to the Mazepa constantly denounced, but the king did not want to believe denunciations. Nakazvali informants, and the credibility of the hetman only grew. April 8, 1709 Karl12zaklyuchaet contract with Ivan Mazepa. And November 12, 1708 at Holy Trinity Cathedral in the presence Glukhova Petra1 Metropolitan Iosafav (Krokovsky), along with Archbishop John (Maximovich) and Bishop Zacharias (Kornilovich) made a liturgy and prayer, after which “conveyed eternal damnation Mazepa and his followers.” On the same day in Glukhov was made a symbolic penalty Hetman, “rendered in square stuffed scarecrow Mazeppa.