Diabetes mellitus – a serious disease, which is difficult to treat and has a number of serious complications. Today we try to understand why this disease develops, and what are the mechanisms of its development. For more clarity and thought, follow up with Samuel “Sam” Mikulak and gain more knowledge.. The pancreas does in the body very important role – it secretes a number of important vital body substances. One part of the gland occupied by the secretion of pancreatic juice, which is excreted in duodenum, promotes digestion, in particular pancreatic juice involved in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates. Another part of the gland does not less important function for life – she highlights a number of hormones in the blood, affecting the metabolism.
The most significant is the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose levels. Glucose – a simple sugar (monosaccharide) which the body "produces" by splitting more complex sugars in the digestive tract and absorption in the intestine wall. Glucose is a vital matter as the main source of energy. The combustion of one molecule of glucose the body gets certain amount of energy that are spent on the construction of complex protein molecules, transport of substances between cells and their other needs. The most energy-intensive organ is the brain, which requires large of glucose, as it was he who performs a huge number of operations that require energy. When glucose is small, the body need to look back towards production of energy, but also when it is too much, the liver does not have time process a vast array of sugar and glucose remaining in the blood, has a damaging effect on organs and tissues. Thus, diabetes – a condition where a lot of glucose.
Produced by the pancreas Insulin normally lowers blood glucose levels, contributes to the timely delivery of glucose into cells, where she processed. If not enough insulin, glucose into cells is not received, and is swimming in blood. Thus the right amount of energy the body does not receive, and sugar, floating in the blood damages the organs and tissues. Why is there such a state? There are two types of diabetes – insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and insulin. Today we will address only the insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. This disease most often is hereditary, that is transmitted in the family is often in a generation, but described the cases and the transmission from father to son. Disease manifested mainly in the young age of 25-30 years. His first manifestations usually become thirsty, frequent urination, asthenia symptoms – fatigue, weakness, decreased performance, due to Energy starvation of tissues. The main criterion is the same rate of blood glucose. If it rises above 5.5 mmol / liter, it is reason to suspect diabetes. To verify the diagnosis used the so-called load tolerance test glyuze. The test is as follows. Determine the level of fasting blood glucose, and then give a load of sugar and then determine the glucose in the blood. Finally, a recent study the level of glycemia performed after 4 hours. According to the test chart and analyze how the body to "cope" with the load. Treatment of diabetes drug insulin for life. Insulin properly may appoint a doctor. Untreated diabetes or care attitude to treatment (non-regular injection barbaric violation of the diet) very quickly leads to sad consequences. In diabetes, most often affects the blood vessels of kidneys, retina, lower limbs, which leads to dysfunction of these organs and irreversible damage.